Today is Wednesday, Sept. 16, the 260th day of 2020. There are 106 days left in the year.

On this date in history

On Sept. 16, 1974, President Gerald R. Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam war deserters and draft-evaders.

1630 — The Massachusetts village of Shawmut changed its name to Boston.

1810 — Mexico began its revolt against Spanish rule.

1966 — The Metropolitan Opera officially opened its new opera house at New York’s Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts with the world premiere of Samuel Barber’s “Antony and Cleopatra.”

1982 — The massacre of between 1,200 and 1,400 Palestinian men, women and children at the hands of Israeli-allied Christian Phalange militiamen began in west Beirut’s Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

1987 — Two dozen countries signed the Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth’s ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000.

1994 — A federal jury in Anchorage, Alaska, ordered Exxon Corp. to pay $5 billion in punitive damages for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill. (The US Supreme Court later reduced that amount to $507.5 million.) Two astronauts from the space shuttle Discovery went on the first untethered spacewalk in ten years.

2001 — President George W. Bush, speaking on the South Lawn of the White House, said there was “no question” Osama bin Laden and his followers were the prime suspects in the Sept. 11 attacks; Bush pledged the government would “find them, get them running and hunt them down.”  

2014 — President Barack Obama declared that the Ebola epidemic in West Africa could threaten security around the world and ordered 3,000 US troops to the region in emergency aid muscle.

Today’s birthdays

Actor Ed Begley Jr. is 71. Actor Mickey Rourke is 68. Actor-comedian Lenny Clarke is 67. Actor Kurt Fuller is 67. Baseball Hall of Famer Robin Yount is 65. Magician David Copperfield is 64. Actor Jennifer Tilly is 62. Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Orel Hershiser is 62. Baseball Hall of Famer Tim Raines is 61. Actor Jayne Brook is 60. Singer Richard Marx is 57. Comedian Molly Shannon is 56. Singer Marc Anthony is 52. News anchor/talk show host Tamron Hall is 50. Comedian-actor Amy Poehler is 49. Rapper Flo Rida is 41. Actor Alexis Bledel is 39. Rock singer-musician Nick Jonas (The Jonas Brothers) is 28.

— The Associated Press

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