Today is Wednesday, July 15, the 197th day of 2020. There are 169 days left in the year. 

On this date in history 

On July 15, 1799, French soldiers in Egypt discovered the Rosetta Stone, which proved instrumental in deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. 

1834 — The Spanish Inquisition was abolished more than three-and-a-half centuries after its creation. 

1870 — Georgia became the last Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union. Manitoba entered confederation as the fifth Canadian province. 

1918 — The Second Battle of the Marne, resulting in an Allied victory, began during World War I. 

1975 — Three American astronauts blasted off aboard an Apollo spaceship hours after two Soviet cosmonauts were launched aboard a Soyuz spacecraft for a mission that included a linkup of the two ships in orbit. 

1985 — A visibly gaunt Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference with actress Doris Day. (It was later revealed Hudson was suffering from AIDS.)

1997 — Fashion designer Gianni Versace, 50, was shot dead outside his Miami Beach home; suspected gunman Andrew Phillip Cunanan, 27, was found dead eight days later, a suicide. 

2016 — Donald Trump chose Indiana Gov. Mike Pence, an experienced politician with deep Washington connections, as his running mate. 

Ten years ago — After 85 days, BP stopped the flow of oil into the Gulf of Mexico using a 75-ton cap lowered onto the well earlier in the week. 

Five years ago — Vigorously challenging his critics, President Barack Obama launched an aggressive and detailed defense of a landmark Iranian nuclear accord during a White House press conference, rejecting the idea that the agreement left Tehran on the brink of a bomb and arguing the only alternative to the diplomatic deal was war. 

One year ago — Avowed white supremacist James Alex Fields Jr. was sentenced to life in prison plus 419 years for killing one and injuring dozens of others when he deliberately drove his car into a crowd of anti-racism protesters during a rally in Charlottesville, Virginia.

Today’s birthdays

Actor Patrick Wayne is 81. Rock singer-musician Peter Lewis (Moby Grape) is 75. Singer Linda Ronstadt is 74. Arianna Huffington, co-founder of The Huffington Post, is 70. Actress Celia Imrie is 68. Rock singer-musician David Pack is 68. Rock musician Marky Ramone is 68. Rock musician Joe Satriani is 64. Model Kim Alexis is 60. Actor-director Forest Whitaker is 59. Actress Lolita Davidovich is 59. Actress Brigitte Nielsen is 57. Rock musician Jason Bonham is 54. Rock musician Phillip Fisher is 53. Rhythm-and-blues singer Stokley (Mint Condition) is 53. Actor Reggie Hayes is 51. Rock musician John Dolmayan is 48. Actor Scott Foley is 48. Actor Brian Austin Green is 47. Actress Diane Kruger is 44. Rock musician Ray Toro (My Chemical Romance) is 43. Actress Laura Benanti is 41. Actor Travis Fimmel is 41. Rhythm-and-blues singer Kia Thornton (Divine) is 41. Actor Taylor Kinney is 39. Actor-singer Tristan “Mack” Wilds is 31. Actress Medalion Rahimi is 28. Actor Iain Armitage (TV: “Big Little Lies” “Young Sheldon”) is 12. 

— The Associated Press

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