BEIJING — China is defending its often-crit­icized rule in Tibet 60 years after the Dalai Lama fled into exile amid an abortive uprising against Chinese control, say­ing those who question its policies are merely showing their anti-Chi­nese bias.

The statements in of­fi­cial media came as Tibetans and their sup­port­ers marked the an­niversary Sunday and called for greater inter­national support.

Despite decades of such calls, however, the Him­alayan region ap­pears no closer to gain­ing greater autonomy, particularly as China’s global influence grows.

China’s official Xinhua News Agency said in an editorial dated Saturday that economic growth, increases in lifespan and better education in the region refute the claims of critics that Tibetans suffer oppression from Beijing.

On Sunday, an editorial in the Communist Party-run Tibet Daily attacked the Dalai Lama, Tibet’s trad­i­tional Buddhist lead­er, for what it said are his efforts to “sow chaos in Tibet.”

His “separatist plots are doomed to total failure,” the paper said.

The Dalai Lama has been living in the nor­thern Indian town of Dhar­msala since he fled from Tibet after a failed 1959 uprising against Chinese rule. Beijing accuses him of seeking to separate Tibet from China, which he denies.

Tibet is enveloped in smothering layers of Chi­­n­ese security and many Tibetans abroad say the Himalayan re­gion’s re­sources are being exploited for Bei­jing’s benefit while Tibet’s language and unique Buddhist culture is gradually being de­stroyed.

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