MARTINEZ, Calif. — A judge on Friday ruled that a new state law requires Northern California police departments to release records on officer shootings and misconduct that may date back years.

However, Contra Costa County Su­perior Court Judge Charles Treat put his ruling on hold for 10 days so that police unions can appeal.

The ruling was the first in more than a dozen legal cases around the state in­vol­ving Senate Bill 1421. Signed last year in the wake of a series of high-profile po­lice killings, the law was designed to guar­an­tee public access to police records in­vol­ving investigations into officer shoot­ings, use-of-force incidents that caused great bodily injury or death, and those involving officers found to have com­mit­ted misconduct such as sexual assault or falsifying evidence.

“Today’s decision gives hope to those who have long fought for such disclosures, es­pec­ially black and brown communities that have long been subjected to police vio­lence,” said a statement from the Am­er­ican Civil Liberties Union of Northern California.

The organization represented Richard Perez, who is seeking records related to the killing of his 24-year-old son, Richard “Pedie” Perez, by a Richmond officer in 2014.

Dozens of police agencies have released at least some records. However, some po­lice unions argued that the law should only apply to records created after the law took effect on Jan. 1 and that pre­vi­ous personnel records are covered by long­standing law enforcement employee privacy laws.

Lawsuits seeking to block release of records requested by news organizations and others were filed last month.

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